A number of factors have combined in the EU member States of Ireland and the United Kingdom which will determine how employers will respond to workplace mental health. A framework agreement on work related stress was concluded by the EU in 2004.
In Ireland two pieces of legislation the Health and Safety Act (SHWWA) 2005 and the Employment Equality Act (EEA) 1998-2015 sets out the obligations on employers to provide a
duty of care and reasonable accommodation for employees with disabilities including mental health disorders.
Similar legislation in the United Kingdom includes the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, under which employers are under a duty to manage the psycho - social risk in the
workplace and a duty under the Equality Act 2010 to make reasonable adjustments for disabilities including mental health.